High Speed Rail
The Ministry of Rails budgeted spending of $730 billion from 2010 to 2020 of which an estimated $15 billion will be spent on ready-mix concretes. According to the railway network plan of China unveiled in 2008, over the next several years nationwide railways will exceed 110,000 km in length, of which the new high-speed railway will add 13,000 km. This added railway will reduce travel times to two hours for adjacent provincial capitals, and to one hour for nearby cities. Travel times between Beijing and most of the provincial capitals will be less than eight hours.
According to the Ministry of Rails, by 2020 China’s railway operation length is projected to exceed 120,000 km, with 16,000 km of high-speed railway. Together with the new and existing railways, China’s high-speed passenger transportation network will be more than 50,000 km, connecting all the provincial capital cities and cities with a population of more than 500,000, essentially serving 90% of the population in China. The scheduled new high-speed railways include four longitudinal lines and four horizontal lines. Meanwhile, China will also strengthen the development of new railway lines in the west, adding new lines of 41,000 km.
Nationwide Infrastructure Projects
China unveiled a four trillion Yuan ($586 billion) stimulus package on November 5, 2008 in its biggest move against the global financial crisis.
The State Council approved a plan to invest money in infrastructure and social welfare by the end of 2010. The spending is focused on 10 areas, including accelerated spending on low-cost housing -- an urgent need in many parts of China -- as well as increased spending on rural infrastructure. Stimulus funding will also be poured into new railways, roads and airports, and spending on health and education, as well as on environmental protection and technology will be increased.
Nationwide Urbanization Projects
China is in a rapidly expanding period of urbanization; the urbanization level has increased from 42.99% in 2005 to 46.59% in 2009, an average annual increase of 0.9%. Analysts predict the rate of urbanization in China will exceed 50% soon and will continue for the next 15 to 20 years.
Urbanization has become an important measure for advancing industrialization, addressing unemployment and expanding domestic demand. Urbanization - building a national city system combining large, medium, small cities and towns - will drive organic economic development and modernization.
Beijing Municipality Expansion:
The Beijing government’s plan for city transportation (2009-2015) specifies that railway operation mileage will reach 300 km in 2010, 1,100km by 2015 extending throughout Hebei Province linking 13 counties connecting Beijing to Zhangjiakou in the North, ZuoZhou in the West, SanHe in the East and GuAn in the South, and that a network of “three circuits, four horizontal lines, five longitudinal lines and eight radiating lines will be formed.” Further improvement will be made to the road networks of the six high-end industry functional areas such as Zhongguancun, the three newly developing financial areas such as Lize, and the four finance backstage service areas such as Jinzhan. The plan also calls for the accelerated construction of the road system for 11 new cities; completion of a high-speed road network of 1,100 km; and the construction of connecting lines between new cities and towns. Along with the construction of newly built high-speed railways, Beijing East Railway Station and the second airport, the connecting transportation projects linking them should be developed concurrently.
According to the City Development Plan of Beijing (2004-2020), construction of the second airport and the new Beijing East Station is underway, and the regional high-speed railways will circle Beijing and Tianjin, serving Shijiazhuang, Qinhuangdao, and the other major cities of Hebei Province. The total distance of city road network will be about 22,000 km.